Our environment is changing around us in subtle yet material ways. We share a responsibility to keep informed and to take action. Here are some of the environmental issues that OCION products are working to correct.
Algae is a major symptom of eutrophication – a leading cause of environmental degradation cited as one of the most widespread environmental problems of inland waters by the United Nations Environment Program. (http://www.unep.or.jp/ietc/publications/short_series/lakereservoirs-3/1.asp) Algae is also an operational nuisance leading to broken down water systems and the production of toxins and noxious gases harmful to humans and animals alike.
Greenhouses Gases and Climate Change
Carbon Dioxide. Along with fossil fuel combustion and deforestation, algae, soil bacteria and fungi contribute to the release of carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere when they decompose. As the planet warms under climate change, bacterial growth is not only encouraged but soil respiration and carbon dioxide release accelerates – doubling with every 5–10°C increase in temperature. It’s called a positive feedback loop – or vicious cycle.
Methane is a potent greenhouse gas over 20 times more effective in trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide (CO2) over a 100-year period. Remaining in the atmosphere between 9-15 years, human activity is increasing the amount of methane released by microbes by an estimated 150 million tons annually. Sources include landfill sites, rice paddies, wastewater treatment, oil and gas systems and agricultural activities.
Fermenting organic waste can give rise to noxious gases such as ammonia and hydrogen sulphide as well as methane if not managed properly. Indoor air quality in agricultural and industrial settings represent significant health and safety concerns for workers and animals alike.